no mood for political or military adventurism in the region.” Britain was concerned that the. Axis forces would gain a foothold in the region or that the Levant. Hichem Djait is professor emeritus of history at University of Tunis. His work La Grande Discorde: Religion et politique dans l’Islam des origines Djaït,Hichem. It is easy to discover that the best book there is on the subject is by the brilliant Tunisian scholar, Hichem Djait: La Grande Discorde, which.

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Grande discorde — Wikipédia

The Qurra then felt that Abu Musa al-Ashari could look after their interests better. Then on 29 July 11th Safarthe Mesopotamians under Ashtar’s command, the Qurra in Ali’s army, who had their own camp, started the fighting in earnest.

H-Q edited by Stanley Sandler, p. Abu Musa al-Ash’ari agreed to open the proceedings, and said, “We have devised a solution after a good deal of thought and it may put an end to all contention and separatist tendencies. It ended in when Ali’s heir Hasan ibn Ali concluded a treaty acknowledging the rule of Muawiyahthe first Umayyad caliph.

When Allah decides a matter, He carries it out whether His servants like it or not. Hassan and Hussein disforde also guarding Uthman at the time.

They had fought under the service of his father in the Ridda wars. Three years later, and there came the inevitable blowback: Brunnow trace the origins of the Qurra and the Kharijites back to Bedouin stock and desert tribesmen, who had become soldiers not out of commitment to Islam but to share the spoils.


Shahban, In his Islamic History A. Syracuse University Press As Uthman ibn Affan became very old, Marwan Ia relative of Muawiyah Islipped into the vacuum and became his secretary, slowly assuming more control and relaxing some of these restrictions.

Both of us remove ‘Ali as well as Mu’awiya from the caliphate. Tie the copies of the Quran to the ends of the spears. The majority of Ali’s followers supported arbitration. The Syrians choice fell on ‘Amr bin al-A’as who was the rational soul and spokesman of Muawiya. This page was last edited on 26 Novemberat Although Ali won the battle, the constant conflict had begun to affect his standing. In Ali’s forces finally moved against the Kharijites and they finally met in the Battle of Nahrawan.

It began when the caliph Uthman ibn Affan was assassinated by Egyptian rebels in and continued through the four-year reign of Uthman’s successor Ali ibn Abi Talib.

After the treaty with Hassan, Muawiyah ruled for nearly 20 years most of which were spent expanding the state.

Brunnow trace the origins of the Qurra and the Kharitites back to Bedouin stock and desert tribesmen, who had become soldiers not out of commitment to Islam but to share the spoils.

In Mesopotamia, many people hated the Syrians.

First Fitna

As the time for announcing the verdict approached, the people belonging to both parties assembled. High taxes were imposed on the populations in both the Byzantine Roman and Sassanid Persian empires to finance these wars. From the Roman Empire to the Xjait Medieval I say this and I ask Allah’s forgiveness for me and you.


In the Hasan-Muawiya treatyHasan ibn Ali handed over power to Muawiya on the condition that he be just to the people and keep them safe and secure and after his death he does not establish a dynasty.

Uthman only listened to the advice of Marwan and Saeed bin Aas, and Marwan did his best to act as a barrier between Ali and Uthman.

Grande discorde

Brunnow held that the Kharijites were Bedouin Arabs or full blooded Arabs. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The Muslims are given the right to elect a caliph as they think best. The battle lasted three days.

disxorde If we meet tomorrow the Byzantines will attack our women and children and disclrde people of Persia will attack the women and children of Mesopotamia. Nasr b Muzahim, in one of the earliest sources states that al-Ashath ibn Qays, one of Ali’s key supporters and a Kufan, then stood djajt and said:.

A Historical Encyclopedia edited by Alexander Mikaberidzep. The Islamic caliphate expanded very quickly under Muhammad and the first three caliphs. Region under the control of Muawiyah I. But later when Uthman declined to give them more lands in Persia [14] [19] they felt that their status was being reduced and therefore started to cause trouble.

They also felt that if there were peace, they would be arrested for the killing of Uthman.

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