GEORGIUS AGRICOLA DE RE METALLICA PDF
GEORGIUS AGRICOLA t. DE RE METALLICA. TRANSLATED FROM THE FIRST LATIN EDITION OF with. Biographical Introduction, Annotations and. De Re Metallica By: Georgius Agricola Originally published in , Agricola’s De ReM etallica was the first book on mining to be based on field research. Editorial Reviews. About the Author. A Presidential Classic The original edition of De Re Metallica (On the Nature of Metals, or Minerals) by Georg Bauer, writing.
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But in addition, it was a book that drew the attention of the scholars on matters outside their layers of interest. This section is full of classical references and shows Agricola’s classical georgjus to its fullest.
Feorgius, until the early years of the twentieth century, the book was only available in the original Latin version, affordable by only wealthy collectors and institutions, and readable only by those who knew Latin. Finally he explains that gold is not generated in the beds of streams and rivers and east-west streams are not more productive than others inherently.
That is why the book of Agricola is also historically important. The result is a book of which there are few: The most important translation—outside English—was the one published by the Deutsches Museum in Munich. Other smelting processes are similar, but lead is not added. The Cartoon History of Time. agricolq
After he died, preparing to have sent away in A book that showed there were things beyond the classical writers which were worth knowing about and which became an example of accurate, independent research.
Inhe returned to Germany and in he was appointed city physician and pharmacist of the City St. The most important work in this genre were, however, the twelve books De Re Metallica by Georgius Agricola, published in Soft ore and rock were laboriously mined with a pick and harder ore with a pick and hammer, wedges, or heat fire setting.
Agricola then provides details of various kinds of machines for lifting weights. Agricola was afraid that one would blame him leaving the path of the classical authors. Brilliantly executed drawings, richly detailed, reveal a whole medieval world of machinery, industrial technique, tools, even costume and architecture.
The book contains an unprecedented wealth of material on alluvial mining, alchemy, silver refining, smelting, surveying, timbering, nitric acid making, and hundreds of other phases of the medieval art of metallurgy.
Instead, as a scientist he tried to form a theory on the origin of those ore layers. As said Agricola also discusses other mining and quarrying products than metal. Handtools and different sorts of buckets, wheelbarrows and trucks on wooded plankways are described.
With the improved transport and the invention of the printing press knowledge spread much easier and faster than before. This book, published inis an overview of everything that is associated with the mining industry. When the furnace is ready, the forehearth is filled with molten lead into which the furnace is tapped.
There are 30 illustrations of different forms of these veins, forming the majority of Book III.
De re metallica
Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science. The rise of Western European mining industry depended, of course, closely on the increasing weight of Western Europe on the stage of world history. With the improved transport and the invention of the printing press knowledge spread much more easily and faster than before. This book describes separating silver from copper or iron.
Miners, and especially mining specialists, were highly regarded and enjoyed all kinds of privileges. Surveyors allow veins to be followed, but also prevent mines removing ore from other claims and stop mine workings from breaking into other workings. There is a section on how the mine can be divided into shares.
The Story of Quantum Theory. In Western Europe a blooming period for the mining industry began in the middle ages. The scorifier agrjcola removed and the metal transferred to the cupel.
Another famous mining town is Falun in Sweden where since the thirteenth century until the present day copper is being won. Still, it is exactly these 2 areas that made the flourishing of Western European civilization to a large extent possible.
The German mining technology it portrayed was acknowledged as the most advanced at the time, and the metallic wealth produced in German mining districts was the envy of many other European nations.
Hoover graduated from Stanford in with a degree in geology and during the years before the start ed World War One worked as a mining engineer primarily in Australia and China. But thanks to these people he had access to a large amount of experiential knowledge that otherwise would have remained agricpla.
Even though mining specialists were held in high regard, they were still considered generally illiterate craftsmen.
De re metallica | work by Agricola |
It is one of the first works in which practical matters are discussed in a scholarly way. All in all he spent more than twenty-five years working on it. Now in its sixty-first year as a Dover book, first in hardcover, now in paperback, Dover’s De Re Metallica is now one of the most successful books Dover has ever published.
Finally detailed arithmetical examples show the calculations needed to give the yield from the assay.