Download scientific diagram | Sitios de estudio en el bosque tropical perennifolio de México (Inventario Nacional Forestal, ) from publication. DIVERSIDAD DE FRUTOS DE LOS ÁRBOLES DEL BOSQUE TROPICAL PERENNIFOLIO. DE MÉXICO. Acta Botánica Mexicana, núm. 90, , pp. Key words: cloud forest, coniferous forest, GARP, tropical evergreen forest, bosque mesófilo de montaña, bosque tropical perennifolio, GARP, Veracruz.

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Climate variables were combined with record points of selected species and models were generated by GARP. Hence, it assumes that under those conditions the species is able to maintain populations without immigration Stockwell and Peters, Certainly, the critical factor is the potential loss of humidity, which is highly influential for this community.

Bosque Tropical Perennifolio de México – video dailymotion

We found that most of the selected species characteristic of cloud forest are likely perennofolio decline by Equally important will be the physical availability of locations where to establish, all of which are not part of the forecast approach we used. The results of this study emphasize the critical importance of safeguarding connectivity by increasing the area and density of networks of protected ecosystems in regions where sources of dispersion are small and widely distributed Opdam and Wascher, ; Da Fonseca et al.

These forecasts, beyond coincidence with our results, are interesting because bosqu highlight the new interactions that plant communities are likely to face in the near future.

In addition, they present a greater impact on the potential distribution of tropical species, mainly found in the coastal plains, as compared to species of montane areas, most of which do not show such severe losses in potential distribution.

Designing landscapes and seascapes for change. Although the models obtained in this paper take into account the characteristic composition of the vegetation types analyzed, our results suggest a possible future emergence of new vegetation types.

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Historia natural de Los Tuxtlas. Even if the plant species retain their ability to produce fertile propagules, it will be necessary to maintain corridors to facilitate the dispersion towards new climatic zones. The analysis of potential future distribution ranges of plant communities has been the subject of various studies and discussions Osborne et al.

Reactivado en febrero de A simulation of biomes on the Tibetan Plateau and their responses to global climate change. In contrast, eight species show some sort of increase in potential distribution. Climate change meets habitat fragmentation: Simulating the effects perennufolio climate change on tropical montane cloud forests.



GARP generates a niche model for tropicql species, aiming to characterize the environmental conditions under which it is estimated that the species should be able to thrive. We analyzed the geographical and ecological patterns of change in a group of 51 characteristic species commonly associated to tropical evergreen forest, coniferous forest and cloud forest present in Veracruz.

Maximum entropy modeling of species geographic distributions.

After tdopical a sensitivity model, the results obtained by Villers and Trejo suggested that more than half of Mexico would suffer changes in temperature and precipitation conditions. Ecological niche modelling ENM has become a basic tool for the study of changes in the geographical and ecological distributions of species to global climate change Pearson and Dawson, ; Peterson et al.

We generated a list of plant species mainly trees dominant and characteristic of either coniferous forest, cloud forest or tropical evergreen forest through a thorough review of literature about the vegetation of the state of Veracruz.

La biodiversidad en Veracruz, estudio de estado. Moreover, the increase in the potential distribution of coniferous forest we found for Veracruz and its neighboring perebnifolio is consistent with the findings of Ni in the region of Tibet. The science of climate change. The idea we pursue assumes that the sum of climatic niches of individual species autoecology could allow the reconstruction of communities to a certain degree, considering that they share similar environmental requirements.

This is an evolutionary computational algorithm which has tropicla extensively tested on the prediction of the geographical distribution of species Anderson et al. Climate change and effects on vegetation in Veracruz, Mexico: Next, we overlaid the resulting dominant and associated species consensus maps and we obtained a final map that was produced by intersecting these two maps.

Mexico is a region where biotas of Nearctic and Neotropical origin are mixed.

There is also a displacement to areas with higher elevation in the tropical evergreen forest to m and cloud tropiczl to m. This paper explores the likely changes in the composition of the main vegetation types in the state of Veracruz, Mexico under a climate change scenario. The GARP modelling system: Georeferenced localities of specimens of each of the selected species were obtained from the herbarium XAL of the Institute of Ecology, A.


The impacts were estimated as distribution range shifts area size, altitude and latitude in the tropical evergreen forest, coniferous forest and cloud forest sensu Rzedowski,present in the state of Veracruz.

Predicting distributions tropkcal Mexican birds using ecological niche modelling methods. Adapting landscapes to climate change: Ecosystem conservation and management perennlfolio times of climate change will have to re-design a strategic approach from these elements.

In the case of coniferous forest, the potential geographic distributions of the selected species do not show a common trend. Foresta Veracruzana 6 2: Five of them likely will not encounter right conditions for their survival within the limits of Veracruz. Environmental niche equivalency versus conservatism: Very high resolution interpolated climate surfaces for global land areas.

Bosque Tropical Perennifolio de México

To produce a delimitation of the coniferous and cloud forests maps, we used the species considered as dominant to generate a consensus map with the sum of these species, whereas with the remaining non-dominant species we generated the other consensus map.

If species are capable of rapid evolutionary change or have a wide range of physiological tolerance, it is possible that adaptation or acclimation to changing environmental conditions take place. The loss or reduction of the current dominant species or of those that characterize each vegetation type might take place, but the vegetation phenology will largely remain. Precipitation ranges from less than millimeters mm per year in some places in the north to about mm in the south.

Evolution of seasonal ecological niches in the Passerina buntings Aves: We used estimated values for both current conditions and forecasts under a development scenario A2 according to projections produced by the Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis CCCMA.

We hypothesize that species distribution might change at first instance by biotic interactions with animal species or tropicl factors involved in their dispersal. Many species reach here the boundary of their distribution range as an expression of the limit of their physiological tolerance.

Impacts of climate change on the vegetation of Africa:

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