KARDINER, ABRAM (–), U.S. psychoanalyst. Born and educated in New York City, Kardiner studied with *Freud from to In he was. Dr. Abram Kardiner, a leading American psychoanalyst who was one of the last living persons to have been analyzed by Sigmund Freud, died. Abram Kardiner’s 13 research works with citations and reads, including: The Mark of Oppression: Exploration in the Personality of the American Negro.

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Views Read Edit View history. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Kardiner co-founded the New York Psychoanalytic Institute inthe first such training institute in the U. Kardiner saw the results as confirmation of his theory of a shared personality.

Abram Kardiner

This structure was the product of “primary institutions” such as child training methods in dealing with aggression and sex and the family organization.

Ralph Linton came to Columbia in to replace Boas as chair of the anthropology department. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Kardiner sought to demonstrate the applicability of his BPS theory to modern, complex American society with the publication in of The Mark of Oppression: Kardiner is now credited with defining posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD.

Abram Kardiner – Anthropology – iResearchNet

The primary institutions included older, more stable elements of a culture such as technology, economics, family structure, and child-training practices, while the secondary institutions included religion, ritual, folklore, mythology, taboos, and art. From his conclusions he established how groups in any culture would react to similar social frustration. The basic personality expressed itself unconsciously in secondary institutions such as folklore, art, and religion. Kardiner died in at the age of The first session had only two students, but the seminar eventually grew to a hundred and included many distinguished anthropologists.


Various patterns of child rearing, the biography of adult behavior, and institutional structure were subjected to psychodynamic analysis. Top 50 American Jews. Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[: In he went to Vienna iardiner a six-month training analysis with Sigmund Freud, and also took the opportunity to attend lectures by Geza Roheim on psychoanalysis and anthropology.

Machine translation like Deepl or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must karsiner errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Kardiner is best known in anthropology for his concepts of basic personality structure and projective systems.

National Research Council U. He was particularly interested in the psychological adaptation of the ego to war, society, oppression, and culture. Abram Kardiner was a psychiatrist and pioneering psychoanalyst who made major contributions to psychological and psychoanalytic anthropology as well as to his own professions.

You can kardinwr Wikipedia by expanding it. Retrieved from ” https: He conducted joint seminars at Columbia University on the interplay of individual personality and culture in diverse societies. But in her classic ethnography, The People of Alorwhich included chapters and sections by Kardiner, DuBois replaced the concept of basic personality with modal personality, referring to central tendencies in the personalities of members of a society that are not necessarily shared by all.

The Traumatic Neuroses of War. Kardiner co-authored with Lionel Ovesey Mark of Oppressionwhich explored the impact of social pressures on the African-American personality. Inthe director, Sandor Rado, asked Kardiner to develop a course on the application of psychoanalysis to the study of culture. Inferences about the personality produced in the culture were drawn and checked by actual psychological tests. This abbram was last edited on 22 Mayat His last book was My Analysis with Freud: Linton was introduced to Kardiner by the psychologist Abraham Maslow, who was a participant in the seminar and a former student of Linton.


Abram Kardiner | American scholar |

If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. Kardiner, and those following his lead, believed it possible abrm elicit a “basic personality structure” — a set of trends entering into the characters of all individuals reared in the same culture. Secondary institutions were based on the psychological process of projection and served to satisfy unmet needs symbolically.

Manson, The Psychodynamics of Culture: He divided culture into primary institutions, which generated the BPS, and secondary institutions, which were expressions of the BPS. It was from these cultural institutions, therefore, that the basic personality expected in the culture could be inferred.

Kardiner’s theoretical procedure involved analyses of the social frustration of adult neurotics and “normal” individuals within the Western culture. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your kariner.

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